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Sep 3, 2022
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RobertBedrosian Favorites
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Aug 6, 2022 Robert Bedrosian
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"Beverage of Champions: Sana/Soma among the Narts," by Robert Bedrosian, in 13 searchable pdf pages. The essay examines various episodes in collections of Nart sagas which describe an unusual beverage. Internet Archive has other works about the Narts; and also a selection of texts about ethnobotany. Attached to the document is a multilingual HTML version. From the Introduction: "Tales about the Narts belong among the gems of world epic literature. The Narts, from the North...
Topics: History, Historical, Ancient, Antiquity, Hallucinogens, Ethnobotany, Entheogens, Mushrooms, Amanita...
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Aug 6, 2022 V. I. Abaev
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"Introduction," by Vasily Ivanovich Abaev, from Tales of the Narts, Ancient Myths and Legends of the Ossetians, translated by Walter May, and edited by John Colarusso and Tamilan Salbiev (Princeton, 2016), pp. xxix-lxvii, in 46 searchable pdf pages. Scanned by Robert Bedrosian. Internet Archive has other works by the author; and a selection of works about the Nart sagas.
Topics: Folklore, Linguistics, Caucasus, Caucasian, Alans, Ossetians, Armenian, Narts, Satanaya, Satenik,...
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Aug 6, 2022 Georges Dumézil
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"Le dit de la princesse Saṭinik," by Georges Dumézil, from the journal Revue des études arméniennes 9(1929), pp. 41-53, in 14 searchable pdf pages. Internet Archive has other works by the renowned author, who was one of the first philologists to connect Armenian references to Lady Satenik with the Nart sagas.
Topics: Linguistics, Caucasus, Caucasian, Alans, Ossetians, Armenian, Narts, Satanaya, Satenik, Shatana,...
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Aug 6, 2022 Tork Dalalyan
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"On the Character and Name of the Caucasian Satana (Sat'enik)," by Tork Dalalyan, from the journal Aramazd 1(2006), pp. 239-253, in 21 searchable pdf pages. Wikipedia has an entry on the matriarch Satenik and on the Nart sagas which mention her most; Internet Archive has a selection of works about the Nart sagas. From the Introduction: "In the epics and mythological systems of the Caucasian peoples, Satana is perhaps the only figure whose name and whose myths are universal....
Topics: Linguistics, Caucasus, Caucasian, Narts, Satanaya, Satenik, Shatana, Satana, Folklore, Asia Minor,...
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Aug 2, 2022 J. A. MacCulloch
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Religion, Its Origin and Forms, by J. A. MacCulloch (London, 1904), in 202 bookmarked and searchable pdf pages. Attached to the document are links to additional resources. Book digitized by Google and compiled by Robert Bedrosian. Internet Archive has other works by the author, here and here. Contents: Introduction: The Science of Religion     PART I. l. The Origin of Religion 2. The Mental Condition of Savages: Animism 3. Nature-Worship 4. Animal-worship and Totemism 5. Ghost-worship 6....
Topics: Religion, Religions, Origins, Nature, Animals, Worship, Beliefs, Practices, Totemism, Animism,...
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Aug 1, 2022 J. A. MacCulloch
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Medieval Faith and Fable, by J. A. MacCulloch (Boston, 1932), in 347 bookmarked and searchable pdf pages. Book digitized by Google and compiled by Robert Bedrosian. Internet Archive has other works by the author, here and here. Contents:   1. Survivals of Paganism 2. The Medieval Fairy Creed 3. The Supernatural Mistress or Wife 4. Demons 5. Shape-Shifting 6. The Mythology of Death 7. The Virgin: Cult and Legends 8. The Saints 9. Relics 10. The Host 11. Miracles 12. Visions of the Other World...
Topics: History, Historical, Medieval, Middle Ages, Europe, Faith, Folklore, Fables, Tales, Religion,...
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Jul 31, 2022 Harrison, Jane Ellen, 1850-1928
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"The Influence of Darwinism on the Study of Religions," by Jane Ellen Harrison, from Darwin and Modern Science, edited by A. C. Seward (Cambridge, 1909), pp. 494-511, in 18 searchable pdf pages. Compiled by Robert Bedrosian. Internet Archive has other works by the renowned author.
Topics: Mythology, Myths, Mythical, Theology, Relgion, Religions, Darwin, Darwinism, Science, Scientific...
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jul 27, 2022 Thalia Phillies Howe
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"The Origin and Function of the Gorgon-Head," by Thalia Phillies Howe, from American Journal of Archaeology, Vol. 58, No. 3 (Jul., 1954), pp. 209-221, in 16 searchable pdf pages, with plates. This may be the most thorough short study of the myth and motif. Internet Archive has a selection of works on the topic.
Topics: Folklore, Mythology, Myths, Legends, Mythological, Perseus, Gorgon, Art, Greek, Greece
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jul 27, 2022 F. T. Elworthy
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"A Solution of the Gorgon Myth," by F. T. Elworthy, in 38 searchable pdf pages, with many illustration. The download contains the two parts of this interesting study from the journal Folklore, Vol. 14, No. 3 (Sep. 29, 1903), pp. 212-242; and Vol. 16, No. 3 (Sep. 29, 1905), pp. 350-352. Compiled by Robert Bedrosian.  See also the author's book The Evil Eye.
Topics: Folklore, Mythology, Myths, Legends, Mythological, Perseus, Gorgon, Cephalopods, Art, Greek, Greece
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jul 26, 2022 Krappe, Alexander Haggerty
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"La Légende de Persée," by Alexandre Haggerty Krappe, from the journal Neuphilologische Mitteilungen, Vol. 34, No. 4 (1933), pp. 225-232, in 9 searchable pdf pages. The author examines folk-motifs in the legend of Perseus. Wikipedia has a main entry on the mythological figure of Perseus, and a group of related entries. Internet Archive has other works by the author.
Topics: Folklore, Mythology, Myths, Legends, Mythological, Perseus, Gorgon, Motifs
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jul 26, 2022 Clark Hopkins
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"Assyrian Elements in the Perseus-Gorgon Story," by Clark Hopkins, from American Journal of Archaeology, Vol. 38, No. 3 (Jul. - Sep., 1934), pp. 341-358, in 19 searchable pdf pages. The author examines mythology and art from Mesopotamia, Asia Minor, and Greece. Wikipedia has a main entry on the Gorgon (the sight of whose head turned people to stone), and a group of related entries.
Topics: Myths, Legends, Folklore, Mythology, Mythological, Greek, Greece, Aegean, Perseus, Mesopotamia,...
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Jul 26, 2022 Frazer, James George, Sir, 1854-1941
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"Roman Life in the Time of Pliny the Younger," by James G. Frazer, from The Gorgon's Head and Other Literary Pieces (London, 1927), pp. 99-147, in 49 searchable pdf pages. Using letters by Pliny the Younger and other contemporary authors, Frazer takes us through the city of Rome (where Pliny had a law practice) to Lake Como (where Pliny had several luxurious villas). It includes a description of the death of Pliny's uncle, who was investigating the eruption of Mt. Vesuvius at Pompeii....
Topics: History, Historical, Classical, Rome, Roman Empire, Pliny the Younger, Trajan, Lake Como, Italy,...
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Jul 25, 2022 Věra Kubíčová
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Persian Literature of the 20th Century, by Věra Kubíčová, from History of Iranian Literature, by Jan Rypka (Dordrecht, 1968), 355-418 with bibliography and map, in 87 bookmarked and searchable pdf pages. Scanned by Robert Bedrosian. Wikipedia has a main entry on Persian literature (various periods) and a group of related entries. Contents: I. Brief Survey of the Economico-Political Situation in Iran after 1896 A. Struggle for the Constitution and Fall of the Qajars in the Period 1896-1921...
Topics: Literature, Literary, Prose, Poetry, Iran, Persia, Iranian, Persian, Short Story
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jul 24, 2022 Venetia Newall
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"Folklore and Male Homosexuality," by Venetia Newall, from the journal Folklore, Vol. 97, No. 2 (1986), pp. 123-147, in 26 searchable pdf pages. This thought-provoking article describes abuses against men who were "different" in the Middle Ages to the modern period, and how the status of gay men began to change in the late 20th century.
Topics: History, Historical, Homosexuality, Gays, LGBT, Lesbianism, Liberation Movements, Hatred,...
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Jul 24, 2022 Anonymous; Reuben Levy, translator
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The Three Dervishes and Other Persian Tales and Legends, translated by Reuben Levy (London, 1923), in 245 bookmarked and searchable pdf pages. Internet Archive has a selection of works relating to the folklore of Persia/Iran, and its neighbors. Compiled by Robert Bedrosian. Contents: THE THREE DERVISHES    The Story of the First Dervish    The Story of the Second Dervish    The Story of the Third Dervish    The Story of Ashraf Khan THE STORY OF SALIM THE JEWELLER OF WASIT THE GENEROSITY...
Topics: Folklore, Legends, Iran, Persia, Iranian, Persian, Epics, Literature, Tales, Stories
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jul 24, 2022 Krappe, Alexander Haggerty
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"Les Péléiades," by Alexander Haggerty Krappe, from the journal Revue Archéologique, Cinquième Série, T. 36 (Juillet-Décembre 1932), pp. 77-93, in 18 searchable pdf pages. The article describes the important cult center at Dodona in northwestern Greece which was sacred to Zeus; its "doves" (the priestesses who prophesized there); and some folk-motifs about them. Wikipedia has several relevant entries about the topics covered: Dodonian Zeus, Dodona, Peleiades, Phorcys,...
Topics: Religion, Religions, Aegean, Greek, Dodona, Zeus, Peleiades, Phorcys, Graeae, Pleiades, Myths,...
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jul 24, 2022 Theodore Besterman
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"The Belief in Rebirth of the Druses and Other Syrian Sects," by Theodore Besterman, from the journal Folklore, Vol. 39, No. 2 (Jun. 30, 1928), pp. 133-148, in 17 searchable pdf pages. Wikipedia has a main entry on the Druze and a group of related entries. On the topic, see also Matti Moosa's article "The Druze and Other Shiite Ghulat Sects: A Comparative Perspective."
Topics: Religion, Religions, Druze, Druses, Shiites, Heterodox, Heterodoxy, Faiths, Middle East, Near East,...
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Jul 22, 2022 Multiple authors
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"Belief," by A. Mair and J. Brough, from Encyclopaedia of Religion and Ethics, Volume 2 (New York, 1908), pp. 459-465, in 13 bookmarked and searchable pdf pages. Attached to the document are links to additional resources. Compiled by Robert Bedrosian. Wikipedia has a main entry on belief and a group of related entries.
Topics: Epistemology, Belief, Beliefs, Reality, Certainty, Knowledge, Anthropology, Cultural Anthropology,...
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jul 21, 2022 Krappe, Alexander Haggerty
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"Hermione," by Alexander Haggerty Krappe, from the journal Rheinisches Museum für Philologie, 1935, Neue Folge, 84. Bd., 3. H. (1935), pp. 276-288, in 14 searchable pdf pages. The article examines the mythological figure Harmonia (Wikipedia) and her twin brothers, Dardanus and Iasion and suggests that their main function had once been to bring their sister home from the underworld. Internet Archive has other works by the author, and a selection of works about folklore.
Topics: Folklore, Tales, Myths, Legends, Mythology, Mythological, Greek, Harmonia, Hermione, Gods, Deities,...
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Jul 21, 2022 Multiple authors
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"Dreams and Sleep," from Encyclopaedia of Religion and Ethics, Volume 5 (New York, 1908), pp. 28-40, in 19 bookmarked and searchable pdf pages. Numerous authors describe the cultures listed below.  Attached to the document are links to additional resources. Compiled by Robert Bedrosian. Wikipedia has a main entry on dreams, and groups of entries on both topics. Internet Archive also has the ERE entry "Divination," which is referred to in this article. Introductory (A. Lang...
Topics: Dream, Dreams, Sleep, Visions, Images, Divination, Emotions, Sensations, Cognition
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jul 17, 2022 Krappe, Alexander Haggerty
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"Parallels and Analogues to the Death of Qrvar Odd," by Alexander H. Krappe, from the journal Scandinavian Studies, Vol. 17, No. 1 (February, 1942), pp. 20-35, in 17 searchable pdf pages. The author examines folk-motifs relating to an Icelandic tale in which the hero unsuccessfully tries to avoid his fate. Internet Archive has other works by the distinguished folklorist. "The individual motives referred to are the following: (1) A person is told that he will die by the agency of...
Topics: Folklore, Motifs, Fate, Destiny, Iceland, Icelandic, Epics, Sagas, Myths, Mythology, Magic,...
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jul 16, 2022 Ho Ping-Yü; Joseph Needham
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"Theories of Categories in Early Mediaeval Chinese Alchemy, by Ho Ping-Yü and Joseph Needham, from Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes, Vol. 22, No. 3/4 (Jul. - Dec., 1959), pp. 173-210, in 40 searchable pdf pages. Wikipedia has a main entry on Chinese alchemy, and a group of related entries. Internet Archive has other works by Needham, a British biochemist, historian of science, and sinologist.
Topics: History, Historical, Ancient, Classical, Medieval, China, Chinese, Sinica, Science, Magic, Alchemy,...
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jul 16, 2022 John Read
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"Alchemy and Alchemists," by John Read, from the journal Folklore, Vol. 44, No. 3 (Sep., 1933), pp. 251-278, in 29 searchable pdf pages. The author describes the scope, origin, development and literature of alchemy. On the topic, see also the Encyclopaedia of Religion and Ethics entry Alchemy, and its links. From the Introduction: "In a narrow sense, alchemy may be interpreted as the pretended art of transmuting the baser metals into silver and gold. In a wider sense, it was the...
Topics: History, Historical, Ancient, Classical, Medieval, Science, Magic, Alchemy, Egypt, China, Greece,...
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Jul 16, 2022 Multiple authors
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"Alchemy," from Encyclopaedia of Religion and Ethics, Volume 1 (New York, 1908), pp. 287-298, in 18 bookmarked and searchable pdf pages. Three authors describe the cultures listed below. Attached to the document are links to additional resources. Compiled by Robert Bedrosian. Wikipedia has a main entry about alchemy and a group of related entries. Internet Archive has a selection of works on the topic.  Contents, Alchemy: Greek and Roman, by E. Riess Muhammadan, by Carra de Vaux...
Topics: History, Historical, Ancient, Classical, Medieval, Science, Chemistry, Magic, Alchemy, Gold,...
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jul 16, 2022 Minoo S. Southgate
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"Men, Women, and Boys: Love and Sex in the Works of Sa'di," by Minoo S. Southgate, from the journal Iranian Studies, Vol. 17, No. 4 (Autumn, 1984), pp. 413-452, in 41 searchable pdf pages. Wikipedia has a main entry on the Iranian poet Saadi of Shiraz (1210-1291/92), and a group of related entries. Internet Archive has other works by the distinguished author and translator. On the topic, see also Part 4 in the series Ancient Sexuality. "Judged by J. Rypka to be 'one of the most...
Topics: History, Historical, Medieval, Literature, Iran, Persia, Iranian, Persian, Poetry, Poets, Saadi,...
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jul 16, 2022 P. J. Heather
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"Divination," by P. J. Heather, in 38 bookmarked and searchable pdf pages.  The download contains both parts of this study, which was serialized in the journal Folklore during 1954, and deals with 13th-14th-century European practices. Attached to the document are links to additional resources. Compiled by Robert Bedrosian. On the topic, see also the entry Divination (and its links) from Encyclopaedia of Religion and Ethics. Internet Archive has other works by the author, and a...
Topics: Divination, Magic, Magical, Supernatural, Science, King Arthur, Merlin, Chaucer, Gower, Nectanabus,...
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jul 15, 2022 Rudolf Wittkower
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"Eagle and Serpent. A Study in the Migration of Symbols," by Rudolf Wittkower, from Journal of the Warburg Institute , Vol. 2, No. 4 (Apr., 1939), pp. 293-325, in 40 bookmarked and searchable pdf pages. The author tracks this common motif in mythology and art from remote antiquity through the late Middle Ages in Mesopotamia, India, Central Asia, Greece, Rome, the native cultures of the Western hemisphere, and Europe. Internet Archive has other works by the author, who was a renowned...
Topics: Motifs, Eagle, Serpent, Art, Painting, Sculpture, Numismatics, Decoration, Folklore, Myths,...
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Jul 14, 2022 John Selby Watson
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Justin, Cornelius Nepos, and Eutropius, translated into English by John Selby Watson (London, 1853), in 580 bookmarked and searchable pdf pages. Attached to the document are links to additional resources. The historical accounts cover the period from about the 4th century B.C. through the 4th century A.D.—the rise of Alexander, his successors, the rise of Rome and its transformation into an empire. Wikipedia has entries on all three authors: Justin (2nd century A.D.), Cornelius Nepos (110-25...
Topics: History, Historical, Ancient, Classical, Aegean, Greece, Greek, Italy, Rome, Alexander the Great,...
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jul 10, 2022 David Pingree
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Pathways into the Study of Ancient Sciences, by David Edwin Pingree, edited by Isabelle Pingree, John M. Steele, Charles Burnett, and Erica Reiner, from the journal Transactions of the American Philosophical Society, New Series, Vol. 104, No. 3 (2014), in 499 bookmarked and searchable pdf pages. Compiled by Robert Bedrosian. Introductory GENERAL STUDIES 1. Hellenophilia versus the History of Science (1992)   2. Astrology (2001) 3. From Alexandria to Baghdad to Byzantium. The Transmission of...
Topics: Science, History, Historical, Ancient, Classical, Medieval, Astrology, Mathematics, History of...
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jul 9, 2022 Krappe, Alexander Haggerty
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"Guiding Animals," by Alexander H. Krappe, from Journal of American Folklore, Vol. 55, No. 218 (Oct. - Dec., 1942), pp. 228-246, in 20 searchable pdf pages. Attached to the document are links to additional resources. The author examines real and supernatural animals that show the way to people in need, in Western and Eastern folklore. Wikipedia has a group of entries on the topic. Internet Archive has other works by the author.
Topics: Folklore, Tales, Legends, Myths, Mythology, Mythological, Spirits, Animals, Guides, Supernatural
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Jul 7, 2022 Multiple authors
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"Blood-Feud," from Encyclopaedia of Religion and Ethics, Volume 2 (New York, 1908), pp. 720-735, in 22 bookmarked and searchable pdf pages. Multiple authors on the cultures listed below. Attached to the document are links to additional resources. Compiled by Robert Bedrosian. Wikipedia has a main entry on the topic and a group of related entries. Primitive (L. H. Gray) Aryan (O. Schrader) Celtic (J. L. Gerig) Greek (I. F. Burns) Hindu (J. Jolly) Muslim (Gaudefroy-Demombynes) Roman (I....
Topics: Customs, Practices, Feuds, Vengeance, Retaliation, Hatred, Intolerance, Tribalism, Anthropology,...
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jul 7, 2022 Krappe, Alexander Haggerty
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"Teiresias and the Snakes," by Alexander Haggerty Krappe, from American Journal of Philology, Vol. 49, No. 3 (1928), pp. 267-275, in 10 searchable pdf pages. The folktale examined was related by the mythologist Apollodorus (2nd century B.C.) and concerns the prophet of Apollo, Tiresias.  He chanced to see two snakes copulating, and injured them, angering the goddess Hera.  As a result, Tiresias was transformed into a woman for seven years, married and bore children, until another...
Topics: Folklore, Tales, Teresias, Prophets, Snakes, India, Indian, Myths, Mythology, Mythological, Sex,...
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Jul 4, 2022 Quintus Curtius Rufus; Peter Pratt, translator
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The History of Alexander the Great, by Quintus Curtius Rufus, translated from Latin into English by Peter Pratt, in 1248 bookmarked and searchable pdf pages. The download contains both volumes of this two-volume work (London, 1821), in modern English. Wikipedia has a main entry (Quintus Curtius Rufus) and a group of related entries about the author, who lived in the 1st century A.D. Attached to the document are links to additional resources about the period of Alexander (356-323 B.C.) and his...
Topics: History, Historical, Ancient, Greece, Greek, Macedonia, Macedonian, Alexander the Great, Hellenism,...
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"Persian Learned Literature from Its Beginnings up to the End of the 18th Century," by Felix Tauer, from History of Iranian Literature (Dordrecht, 1968), pp. 421-482, with notes, addenda, chronological tables, and map, in 79 bookmarked and searchable pdf pages. Attached to the document are links to additional resources. Compiled by Robert Bedrosian. Contents: Introduction Philosophy Philology History and Biography Geography The Exact Sciences The Natural Sciences Medicine and...
Topics: History, Historical, Iran, Persia, Iranian, Persian, Literature, Medieval, Late Medieval, Early...
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jul 4, 2022 Krappe, Alexander Haggerty
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"Is the Story of Aḥikar the Wise of Indian Origin?" by Alexander H. Krappe, from Journal of the American Oriental Society, Vol. 61, No. 4 (Dec., 1941), pp. 280-284, in 6 searchable pdf pages. Wikipedia has a main entry (Story of Ahikar), and a group of related entries about this ancient wisdom tale which seems to have travelled from Mesopotamia to India. Internet Archive has other works by the author.
Topics: Literature, Ancient, Mesopotamia, Mesopotamian, Ahikar, India, Indian, Folklore, Tales, Stories,...
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jul 4, 2022 D. P. Walker
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"The Astral Body in Renaissance Medicine," by D. P. Walker, from Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes, Vol. 21, No. 1/2 (Jan. - Jun., 1958), pp. 119-133, in 16 searchable pdf pages. Wikipedia has a main entry on medieval  medicine in Western Europe, and a group of related entries.
Topics: History, Historical, Medicine, Medical, Medieval, Renaissance, Astral Body, Stars, Paracelsus,...
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Jul 3, 2022 Macdonell, A. A.
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"Vedic Religion," by A. A. Macdonell, from Encyclopaedia of Religion and Ethics, Volume 12 (New York, 1908), pp. 601-618, in 24 bookmarked and searchable pdf pages. Attached to the document are links to additional resources. Wikipedia has a main entry on the historical Vedic religion (ancient Hinduism), and a group of related entries. A Wikipedia entry (Arthur Anthony Macdonell) describes the life and achievements of the author, who was a renowned Sanskritist. Internet Archive also...
Topics: History, Historical, Religion, Religions, Spirituality, Vedic, Hinduism, India, Indian, Gods,...
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Jul 2, 2022 Stephen O. Murray
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"Homosexuality among Slave Elites in Ottoman Turkey," by Stephen O. Murray, from Islamic Homosexualities. Culture, History, and Literature (New York, 1997), Stephen O. Murray and Will Roscoe, editors, Chapter 10, pp. 174-186, in 13 bookmarked and searchable pdf pages. Scanned by Robert Bedrosian. Attached to the document are additional resources about the Ottomans. Wikipedia has a main entry on sexuality in Islam, and a group of related entries. See also Part 4 of the series Ancient...
Topics: History, Historical, Ottoman, Ottomans, Ottoman Empire, Turkey, Turkish, Anatolia, Asia Minor,...
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History of Persian Literature up to the Beginning of the 20th Century, by Jan Rypka, from History of Iranian Literature (Dordrecht, 1968), pp. 71-351, with notes, bibliography, and addenda, in 359 bookmarked and searchable pdf pages. Attached to the document are links to additional resources. Compiled by Robert Bedrosian. I. Introduction A. The Persian Language (Dari) B. National Individuality C. Conservatism and Convention in Persian Literature D. Poetry and its Forms E. Prose II. The...
Topics: History, Historical, Iran, Persia, Iranian, Persian, Literature, Prose, Poetry, Medieval, Late...
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jun 30, 2022 Keith R. Bradley
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"Child Care at Rome: The Role of Men," by Keith R. Bradley, from the journal Historical Reflections / Réflexions Historiques, Vol. 12, No. 3 (Fall 1985), pp. 485-523, in 40 bookmarked and searchable pdf pages. This trailblazing article examines some unstudied groups within Roman families and society starting, historically, with the babyhood of Nero (A.D. 37-68). Wikipedia has a list of Roman birth and childhood deities, and also a group of entries relating to child care in ancient...
Topics: History, Historical, Ancient, Classical, Rome, Roman, Roman Republic, Nero, Children, Child Care,...
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jun 30, 2022 Krappe, Alexander Haggerty
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"Picus Who Is Also Zeus," by A. H. Krappe, from the journal Mnemosyne, Third Series, Vol. 9, Fasc. 4 (1941), pp. 241-257, in 18 searchable pdf pages. Wikipedia has a main entry on Picus, and a group of related entries. This is a study of the woodpecker, a rain and thunder-god, who "ruled before Zeus." Internet Archive has other works by the author.
Topics: Folklore, Mythology, Myths, Zeus, Picus, Woodpecker, Magic, Supernatural, Gods, Deities, Thunder,...
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jun 29, 2022 Anna Leyloyan-Yekmalyan; Sylvie L. Merian
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"Tétraévangile de 1411 copié et enluminé par Cerun. Étude et description d'un manuscrit inédit," by Anna Leyloyan-Yekmalyan and Sylvie L. Merian, from the journal Revue des études arméniennes 32 (2010), pp. 229-296, in 68 bookmarked and searchable pdf pages, with numerous color plates. Attached to the document are links to additional resources. Compiled by Robert Bedrosian. Internet Archive has a selection of works relating to Armenian miniatures; and also other works by both...
Topics: Art, Painting, Drawing, Miniatures, Armenian, Armenia, Vaspurakan, Van, Illuminated Manuscripts,...
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jun 29, 2022 Gohar Muradyan
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"Greek Authors and Subject Matters in the Letters of Grigor Magistros," by Gohar Muradyan, from the journal Revue des études arméniennes 35 (2013), pp. 29-77, in 49 bookmarked and searchable pdf pages. Attached to the document are links to additional resources. Compiled by Robert Bedrosian. In this article, the distinguished philologist examines and categorizes the eighty-one private Letters of a 10th-11th century Armenian public figure and savant. Wikipedia has a group of entries...
Topics: Grigor Magistros, Translated Literature, Greek, Armenian, Armenia, History, Historical, Literature,...
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Jun 28, 2022 Multiple authors
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Adoption and Fosterage, in 25 bookmarked and searchable pages. The download contains two related entries from Encyclopaedia of Religion and Ethics (New York): "Adoption" (various cultures and authors, listed below), from Volume 1 (1908); and "Fosterage" from Volume 6 (1913), by E. J. Gwynn. Attached to the document are links to additional resources. Compiled by Robert Bedrosian.  Wikipedia has groups of entries on both topics (ancient and medieval): adoption, and fosterage....
Topics: Adoption, Fosterage, Children, Adults, Anthropology, Cultural Anthropology, Families
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jun 28, 2022 Wilfrid Bonser
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"Anglo-Saxon Laws and Charms Relating to Theft," by Wilfrid Bonser, from the journal Folklore, Vol. 57, No. 1 (Mar., 1946), pp. 7-11, in 6 searchable pdf pages. The article covers material from the late 7th century through the early medieval period. Wikipedia has a group of entries on the topics. Internet Archive has other works by the author.
Topics: History, Historical, Anglo-Saxon, Laws, Law, Charms, Magic, Magical, Supernatural, Theft,...
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jun 28, 2022 Gary P. Leupp
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"Capitalism and Homosexuality in Eighteenth-Century Japan," by Gary P. Leupp, from the journal Historical Reflections / Réflexions Historiques , Vol. 33, No. 1, Eighteenth-Century Homosexuality in Global Perspective (Spring 2007), pp. 135-152, in 19 searchable pdf pages. See the Wikipedia entry describing homosexuality in Japan historically; and also Sachi Schmidt-Hori's article and its links: "The New Lady-in-Waiting Is a Chigo: Sexual Fluidity and Dual Transvestism in a...
Topics: History, Historical, Japan, Japanese, Capitalism, Homosexuality, Tokugawa, Samurai, Kabuki,...
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jun 28, 2022 Krappe, Alexander Haggerty
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"Avallon," by A. H. Krappe, from the journal Speculum, Vol. 18, No. 3 (Jul., 1943), pp. 303-322, in 21 searchable pdf pages. The author traces the pre-Arthurian concept of the "amber isle." Wikipedia has a main entry on Avalon, and a group of related entries. Internet Archive has other works by the author.
Topics: History, Historical, Remote, Ancient, Classical, Medieval, Avalon, Amber, Glass, Arthurian, King...
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Jun 28, 2022 Multiple authors
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"Water, Water-Gods," from Encyclopaedia of Religion and Ethics, Volume 12 (New York, 1908), pp. 704-719, in 22 bookmarked and searchable pdf pages. Attached to the document are links to additional resources. Compiled by Robert Bedrosian. The article has the sections shown below. Wikipedia has a list of water deities and a group of related entries. Primitive and Savage (E. O. James) Babylonian (S. A. B. Mercer) Egyptian (S. A. B. Mercer) Greek and Roman (E. A. Gardner) Hebrew and...
Topics: Myths, Mythology, Folklore, Gods, Deities, Water, Magic, Magical, Babylonian, Egyptian, Greek,...
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jun 27, 2022 Wilfrid Bonser
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"The Magic of the Finns in Relation to That of Other Arctic Peoples," by Wilfrid Bonser, from the journal Folklore, Vol. 35, No. 1 (Mar. 31, 1924), pp. 57-63, in 8 searchable pdf pages. Attached to the document are links to additional resources. Compiled by Robert Bedrosian. Wikipedia has a main entry on Finnish paganism, and a group of related entries. Internet Archive has other works by the author, several dealing with Finnish folklore.
Topics: Magic, Magical, Supernatural, Finland, Finnish, Siberia, Lapland, Lapps, Folklore, Tales, Myths,...
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jun 27, 2022 K. Yuzbashyan
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"Le destin de l’alphabet de Daniēl en Arménie," by K. Yuzbashyan, from the journal Revue des études arméniennes 25 (1994-1995), pp. 171-181, in 11 searchable pdf pages. Attached to the document are links to additional resources. Compiled by Robert Bedrosian. In the 5th-century biography of Mashtots', creator of the current Armenian alphabet, there are references to an earlier, unsuitable, alphabet created by a bishop Daniel. Wikipedia has a main entry on the Armenian alphabet,...
Topics: Alphabet, Alphabets, Koriwn, Mashtots, Armenian, Armenia, Language, Literature, History,...
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jun 27, 2022 Krappe, Alexander Haggerty
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"The Story of Phrixos and Modern Folklore," by A. H. Krappe, from the journal Folklore, Vol. 34, No. 2 (Jun. 30, 1923), pp. 141-147, in 8 searchable pdf pages. The article describes different versions of the Greek myth about the Golden Fleece, and its arrival in the Caucasus, as well as the motifs of the tale.  Wikipedia has a main entry about Phrixus, and a group of related entries. Internet Archive has other works by the author.
Topics: Folklore, Folktale, Tales, Legends, Myth, Mythology, Greek, Greece, Phrixus, Helle, Literature,...
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jun 27, 2022 Wilfrid Bonser
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"Kalevala. The National Epic of Finland," by Wilfrid Bonser, from the journal Folklore, Vol. 76, No. 4 (Winter, 1965), pp. 241-253, in 14 searchable pdf pages. Wikipedia has a main entry on the Kalevala, the national epic of Finland and Karelia, and a group of related entries. Internet Archive has other works by the author, as well as a selection of texts relating to the epic.
Topics: Folklore, Folktale, Tales, Legends, Myth, Mythology, Kalevala, Finns, Finland, Karelia, Epics,...
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Jun 26, 2022 Multiple authors
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"War, War-Gods," from Encyclopaedia of Religion and Ethics, Volume 12 (New York, 1908), pp. 691-704, in 20 bookmarked and searchable pages. The cultures listed below are discussed. Attached to the document are links to additional resources. Wikipedia has a list of war deities, of which there are many. Contents: Celtic (G. Dottin) Chinese (R. F. Johnston) Greek and Roman (E. A. Gardner) Semitic (S. A. B. Mercer)
Topics: Mythology, Myths, Mythological, War, Wars, Warfare, Deities, Gods, Supernatural, Celtic, Greek,...
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jun 25, 2022 Frazer, James George, Sir, 1854-1941
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"Vesta and the Vestals," by James G. Frazer, in 34 bookmarked and searchable pages. Originally published in Journal of Philology (1885), this article was slightly corrected and published with additional notes, as "The Prytaneum, the Temple of Vesta, the Vestals, Perpetual Fires," in Garnered Sheaves, Essays, Addresses, and Reviews by James George Frazer (London, 1931), pp. 51-79, and notes pp. 427-431. Attached to the document are links to additional resources. Wikipedia has...
Topics: Religion, Greece, Greek, Prytaneum, Roman, Rome, Vesta, Vestal Virgins, Fire, Temples
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jun 25, 2022 Krappe, Alexander Haggerty
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"Prométhée," by Alexandre H. Krappe, from the journal Revue de l'histoire des religions, Vol. 119 (1939), pp. 172-181, in 11 searchable pdf pages. Attached to the document are links to additional resources. Compiled by Robert Bedrosian. Wikipedia has a group of entries about Prometheus, a Titan in Greek mythology. In this article, the great folklorist also discusses the role of Prometheus' brother, Epimetheus (Wikipedia), and some intriguing Indian parallels. Internet Archive has...
Topics: Folklore, Mythology, Myths, Mythological, Greek, Indian, Greece, India, Prometheus, Pandora,...
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jun 25, 2022 Wilfrid Bonser
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"The Dissimilarity of Ancient Irish Magic from That of the Anglo-Saxons," by Wilfrid Bonser, from the journal Folklore, Vol. 37, No. 3 (Sep. 30, 1926), pp. 271-288, in 19 searchable pdf pages. Attached to the document are links to additional resources. Compiled by Robert Bedrosian. Wikipedia has groups of entries on Irish magic and Anglo-Saxon magic. Internet Archive has other works by the author. From the Introduction: "One would have expected, from the nearness of Ireland and...
Topics: Magic, Magical, Practices, Irish, Ireland, Celtic, Gaelic, Anglo-Saxon, English, British, History,...
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jun 25, 2022 Frazer, James George, Sir, 1854-1941
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A Folk-lore Medley, by James G. Frazer, in 38 bookmarked and searchable pdf pages. The 12 short articles below were published in the journal Classical Review and in Folk-lore Journal during the period 1888-1908, and reprinted later in Garnered Sheaves, Essays, Addresses, and Reviews by James George Frazer (London, 1931), pp. 151-182, with supplementary notes, pp. 494-499. Compiled by Robert Bedrosian. Internet Archive has other works by or about Frazer. 1. Ares in the Brazen Pot      2....
Topics: Folklore, Myths, Mythology, Mythological, Tales, Legends, Stories, Achilles, Omens, Sneezing,...
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"Animal Symbolism of Warrior Brotherhoods in Indian Epic, History and Culture," by Yaroslav Vassilkov, from The Volatile World of Sovereignty (Cagliari, Italy, 2013), Chapter 8, pp. 231-253, in 26 bookmarked and searchable pdf pages. Compiled by Robert Bedrosian. Internet Archive has other works by the author, a renowned Russian Indologist; as well as a selection of works about the Männerbund, a hypothetical association of young warriors.
Topics: Folklore, India, Indian, Epic, Literature, Motifs, Krishna, Rudra, Animal, Animals, Symbolism,...
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jun 23, 2022 Wilfrid Bonser
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"Magical Practices against Elves," by Wilfrid Bonser, from the journal Folklore, Vol. 37, No. 4 (Dec. 31, 1926), pp. 350-363, in 15 searchable pdf pages. The article discusses the phenomenon in northern Europe. Wikipedia has a main entry on the elf and a group of related entries. Internet Archive has other works by the author. On the topic, see also Robert Kirk's The Secret Commonwealth of Elves, Fauns and Fairies.
Topics: Folklore, Magic, Magical, Elves, Elf, Witchcraft, Disease, Remedies, Second Sight, Supernatural,...
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Jun 23, 2022 A. E. Crawley
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"Cursing and Blessing," by A. E. Crawley from Encyclopaedia of Religion and Ethics, Volume 4 (New York, 1908), pp. 367-374, in 14 searchable pdf pages. Attached to the document are links to additional resources. Compiled by Robert Bedrosian. Wikipedia has entries on both phenomena: the curse, and blessing. Internet Archive has other works by the author.
Topics: Anthropology, Cultural Anthropology, Religion, Religions, Religious, Wishes, Wishing, Magic,...
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jun 23, 2022 Giovanni Vitiello
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"The Dragon's Whim: Ming and Qing Homoerotic Tales from 'The Cut Sleeve'," by Giovanni Vitiello, from the journal T'oung Pao, Second Series, Vol. 78, Livr. 4/5 (1992), pp. 341-372, in 33 searchable pdf pages. Uploaded by Robert Bedrosian. Wikipedia has a main entry about homosexuality in China, and a group of related entries. On the topic see also Part 4 of the series Ancient Sexuality, at Internet Archive. " The Cut Sleeve includes fifty-one short stories and anecdotes that deal...
Topics: Literature, China, Chinese, Sinica, Ming Dynasty, Qing Dynasty, Homoerotic, Homosexuality,...
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jun 23, 2022 Flinders Petrie
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"History in Tools," by W. M. Flinders Petrie, from the journal Science Progress (1916-1919) , Vol. 12, No. 45 (July 1917), pp. 71-82, in 13 searchable pdf pages. Internet Archive has other works by the distinguished Egyptologist, including a bibliography of his publications. Wikipedia has an entry on the history of tools, and another providing a timeline of inventions.
Topics: Tools, Tool, Inventions, History, Historical, Remote, Ancient, Classical, Egypt, Mesopotamia, Asia,...
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jun 22, 2022 Frazer, James George, Sir, 1854-1941
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"The Language of Animals," by James G. Frazer, in 86 bookmarked and searchable pdf pages. This study, which is a revised version of an article published in the journal Archeological Review (1888), appeared in a later collection of essays, Garnered Sheaves (London, 1931), pp. 93-127, with extensive new notes, pp. 431-481. Frazer considers the myths and legends about people who can understand what animals say, and benefit from the information. Compiled by Robert Bedrosian. Internet...
Topics: Folklore, Beliefs, Language, Animals, Birds, Anthropology, Cultural Anthropology, Supernatural,...
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jun 21, 2022 Krappe, Alexander Haggerty
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"Who Was the Green Knight?" by A. H. Krappe, from the journal Speculum, Vol. 13, No. 2 (Apr., 1938), pp. 206-215, in 11 searchable pdf pages. Uploaded by Robert Bedrosian. Wikipedia has a main entry (Sir Gawain and the Green Knight) and a group of related entries, about this medieval tale and its background.  On the topic, see also Ananda K. Coomaraswamy's article "Sir Gawain and the Green Knight: Indra and Namuci." Internet Archive has other studies by the author, as well...
Topics: Folklore, Medieval, Irish, Celtic, British, English, French, European, Gawain, Myths, Mythology,...
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Jun 21, 2022 Flinders Petrie; Farnell, Lewis Richard, 1856-1934; Milne, J. G. (Joseph Grafton), 1867-1951
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Egyptian Religion, Greek Religion, and Graeco-Egyptian Religion, in 68 bookmarked and searchable pdf pages. The file contains three related entries from Encyclopaedia of Religion and Ethics (New York): "Egyptian Religion," by W. M. Flinders Petrie, from ERE Volume 5 (1908); "Greek Religion," by L. R. Farnell; and "Graeco-Egyptian Religion," by J. G. Milne, from ERE Volume 6 (1913). Compiled by Robert Bedrosian. Wikipedia has groups of entries on all three topics:...
Topics: History, Historical, Ancient, Classical, Egypt, Egyptian, Greece, Greek, Aegean, Middle East, Near...
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jun 21, 2022 Peeters, P. (Paul), 1870-1950
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"Pour l'histoire des origines de l'alphabet arménien," by Paul Peeters, from the journal Revue des études arméniennes 9(1929), pp. 203-237, in 36 searchable pdf pages. Attached to the document are links to additional resources. Compiled by Robert Bedrosian. Wikipedia has a main entry on the Armenian alphabet, and a group of related entries. Internet Archive has a selection of works about the history of the Armenian alphabet, as well as other works by the author.
Topics: History, Historical, Alphabet, Alphabets, Armenian, Armenia, Koriwn, Mashtots, Greek, Syriac,...
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jun 21, 2022 Krappe, Alexander Haggerty
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"Old Celtic Taboos," by Alexander H. Krappe, from the journal Folklore, Vol. 53, No. 4 (Dec., 1942), pp. 196-208, in 14 searchable pdf pages. Attached to the document are links to additional resources. Wikipedia has a group of entries about Celtic taboos. Internet Archive has other works by the author.  On the topic, see also James G. Frazer's Taboo and the Perils of the Soul.   From the Introduction: "The chief source of our knowledge of the religion of the ancient Celts is...
Topics: Celts, Celtic, Customs, Beliefs, Practices, Taboos, Superstition, Superstitions, Ethnology,...
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Jun 20, 2022 Frazer, James George, Sir, 1854-1941
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"On Certain Burial Customs as Illustrative of the Primitive Theory of the Soul," by James G. Frazer, in 48 searchable pdf pages. The article, which the author describes as his "first serious incursion into the wide field of Comparative Anthropology" was published decades later in a collection of essays, Garnered Sheaves (London, 1931), pp. 3-50. Cultures the world over have felt the need to discourage ghosts from returning to their homes. Frazer describes various kindred...
Topics: Folklore, Customs, Practices, Burial, Funerals, Corpses, Death, Ghosts, Spirits, Demons,...
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Jun 20, 2022 Louis H. Gray
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"Tushes and Other Pagan Tribes of the Caucasus," by Louis H. Gray, from Encyclopaedia of Religion and Ethics, Volume 12 (New York, 1908), pp. 483-488, in 12 searchable pdf pages. The article describes peoples in northeastern Georgia in the Caucasus, mainly Tushes/Tushetians, Pshavs, and Khevsurs, and their festivals, priests, deities, the status of women, marriage customs, and other topics. Attached to the document are links to additional resources. Wikipedia has entries on the...
Topics: Ethnography, Geography, Caucasus, Caucasian, Georgia, Georgian, Paganism, Zoroastrianism,...
' Hin hndevropakan o'dz-vishape" haykakan avanduyt'um ev vishap k'arakot'oghnere" Vishape" hek'iat'i ev irakanut'yan sahmanin [The Ancient Indo-European Serpent-Dragon in the Armenian Tradition, and the Vishap Stelae],' by Armen Petrosyan, from Վիշապը հեքիաթի եվ իրականության սահմանին [The Vishap between Fairy Tale and Reality] (Erevan, 2019), pp. 146-156, in 16 searchable pdf pages. Attached to the document are links to additional resources....
Topics: Thunder, Storms, Gods, Lightning, Serpents, Serpent, Dragons, Weather, Vishap, Vishaps,...
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jun 19, 2022 Boase, T. S. R. (Thomas Sherrer Ross), 1898-1974
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"A Seventeenth-Century Typological Cycle of Paintings in the Armenian Cathedral at Julfa," by T.S.R. Boase, from Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes, Vol. 13, No. 3/4 (1950), pp. 323-327, in 8 searchable pdf pages,with monochrome plates. Uploaded by Robert Bedrosian. Wikipedia has an entry on T.S.R. Boase, with additional bibliography. Internet Archive has other works by him, and also John Carswell's New Julfa: The Armenian Churches and Other Buildings (1968). Google...
Topics: History, Historical, Armenia, Armenian, Iran, Persia, Iranian, Persian, Architecture, Art,...
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jun 19, 2022 Frazer, James George, Sir, 1854-1941
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"Some Folk-Lore of Ferns," by James George Frazer, from American Fern Journal, Vol. 24, No. 1 (Jan. - Mar., 1934), pp. 10-15, in 7 searchable pdf pages. The two extracts in this article are from James George Frazer's Garnered Sheaves (1931). Attached to the document are links to additional resources. Uploaded by Robert Bedrosian. Wikipedia has a group of entries on ferns and folklore. On the topic, see also A. H. Krappe's article "Plant Lore." Internet Archive has a...
Topics: Folklore, Tales, Myths, Mythology, Plants, Flora, Botany, Ethnobotany, Superstitions, Medicine,...
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Jun 19, 2022 A. S. Tritton
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The Caliphs and Their Non-Muslim Subjects, A Critical Study of the Covenant of 'Umar, by A. S. Tritton (Calcutta, 1930), in 244 bookmarked and searchable pdf pages. Compiled by Robert Bedrosian. Wikipedia has a group of entries about the covenant/pact of Caliph 'Umar I (634-644) with non-Muslims. Internet Archive has other works by the author. Contents: Introduction 1. The Covenant of 'Umar 2. Government Service 3. Churches and Monasteries 4. A Riot in Cairo 5. Church and State 6. Christian...
Topics: Caliphs, Caliphate, Islam, Muslim, Muslims, Governance, Churches, Monasteries, History, Historical,...
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jun 19, 2022 Krappe, Alexander Haggerty
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"The Myth of Balder. A Study in Comparative Mythology," by A. H. Krappe, from the journal Folklore, Vol. 34, No. 3 (Sep. 29, 1923), pp. 184-215, in 33 searchable pdf pages. Attached to the document are links to additional resources. Uploaded by Robert Bedrosian. Wikipedia has a main entry (Baldr), and a group of related entries about this myth. Internet Archive has other works by the distinguished author, and also James G. Frazer's two-volume study, Balder the Beautiful: The...
Topics: Folklore, Myths, Mythology, Mythological, Legends, Tales, Stories, Baldr, Europe, European,...
"The New Lady-in-Waiting Is a Chigo: Sexual Fluidity and Dual Transvestism in a Medieval Buddhist Acolyte Tale," by Sachi Schmidt-Hori, from the journal Japanese Language and Literature, Vol. 43, No. 2 (October 2009), pp. 383-423, in 42 searchable pdf pages. Uploaded by Robert Bedrosian. A Wikipedia entry describes homosexuality in Japan, and especially monastic same-sex love. Another entry discusses, generally, Buddhism and sexual orientation. See also Part 4 of the series Ancient...
Topics: History, Historical, Japan, Japanese, Medieval, Sex, Customs, Practises, Beliefs, Anthropology,...
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Jun 18, 2022 Multiple authors
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Fate, Fortune, Karma, and Predestination, in 72 bookmarked and searchable pdf pages. The download contains four related entries from Encyclopaedia of Religion and Ethics (New York): "Fate," by numerous authors on the cultures listed below, from ERE Volume 5 (1908); "Fortune," by numerous authors on the cultures listed below, from ERE Volume 6 (1913); Karma, by L. de la Vallée Poussin, from ERE Volume 7 (1908); and "Predestination," by A. S. Martin, from ERE Volume...
Topics: Beliefs, Customs, Practices, Fate, Fortune, Karma, Predestination, Philosophy, Religion, Faith,...
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jun 17, 2022 Sirarpie Der Nersessian; Gabriel Millet
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"Le psautier arménien illustré," by Gabriel Millet and Sirarpie Der Nersessian, from the journal Revue des études arméniennes 9(1929), pp. 137-181, in 63 searchable pdf pages, with many monochrome plates. Attached to the document are links to additional resources. Compiled by Robert Bedrosian. Wikipedia has an entry on psalters, which are volumes containing the Book of Psalms and other devotional or liturgical material. Internet Archive has other works by both art historians: by...
Topics: Art, Armenian, Armenia, Byzantine, Byzantium, Medieval, Miniatures, Illuminated Manuscripts,...
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jun 16, 2022 William Crooke
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"The Legends of Krishna," by W. Crooke, from the journal Folklore, Vol. 11, No. 1 (Mar., 1900), pp. 1-42, in 43 searchable pdf pages. Wikipedia has a main entry on the Hindu god, and a group of related entries. Internet Archive has other works by the author.
Topics: Krishna, Religion, Religions, Religious, Hinduism, Jainism, Buddhism, Vishnu, Avatars, Legends,...
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jun 16, 2022 Warren R. Dawson
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"The Pig in Ancient Egypt: A Commentary on Two Passages of Herodotus," by Warren R. Dawson, from Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland, No. 3 (Jul., 1928), pp. 597-608, in 13 bookmarked and searchable pdf pages. The passages from Herodotus are 2.14 and 2.47-2.48. The article discusses the pig in Egyptian agriculture, medicine, magic, and mythology. Internet Archive has other works by the author, as well as a selection of works relating to folklore. Uploaded...
Topics: History, Historical, Egypt, Egyptian, Agriculture, Medicine, Folklore, Legends, Tales, Myths,...
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jun 16, 2022 Krappe, Alexander Haggerty
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"Far Eastern Fox Lore," by Alexander H. Krappe, from the journal California Folklore Quarterly, Vol. 3, No. 2 (Apr., 1944), pp. 124-147, in 25 searchable pdf pages. Attached to the document are links to additional resources. Uploaded by Robert Bedrosian. Wikipedia has a group of entries about fox lore in different cultures. Internet Archive has other works by the distinguished author.
Topics: Folklore, Legends, Tales, Fox, Foxes, Myths, Mythology, Mythological, Far East, China, Chinese,...
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jun 16, 2022 Lilian Armstrong
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"The Illustration of Pliny's Historia naturalis: Manuscripts before 1430," by Lilian Armstrong, from Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes, Vol. 46 (1983), pp. 19-39, in 33 searchable pdf pages, with numerous monochrome plates. Wikipedia has a main entry on Pliny's Natural History (which was first published around 77 A.D.), and a group of related entries. The three new manuscripts described in the article date from 1300, 1410, and 1425. Uploaded by Robert Bedrosian. Google...
Topics: History, Historical, Medieval, Illustrations, Illuminated Manuscripts, Miniatures, Painting,...
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Jun 15, 2022 Multiple authors
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"Charity," from Encyclopaedia of Religion and Ethics, Volume 3 (New York, 1908), pp. 373-392, in 26 bookmarked and searchable pdf pages. Multiple authors on the cultures listed below. Attached to the document are links to additional resources. Wikipedia has a group of entries about charity and almsgiving. Uploaded by Robert Bedrosian. Contents: Introductory, by William L. Davidson CHARITY-ALMSGIVING Primitive (A. H. Keane), p. 376. Biblical (W. A. Spooner), p. 380. Buddhist (T. W....
Topics: Charity, Alms, Almsgiving, Eleemosynary, Religion, Religions, Religious, Piety, Benevolence,...
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jun 15, 2022 Nicholas Adontz; Նիկողայոս Ադոնց
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"Grégoire l'illuminateur et Anak le Parth," by Nicholas Adontz, from the journal Revue des études arméniennes 9(1928), pp. 233-245, in 14 searchable pdf pages. Attached to the document are links to addtional resources. Compiled by Robert Bedrosian. This classic article describes the historical and legendary features of Armenia's Christianizer, Gregory, and the circumstances of the country's Christianization. Internet Archive also has an Armenian translation: Գրիգոր...
Topics: History, Historical, Christianity, Church, Armenia, Armenian, Byzantium, Byzantine Empire, Iran,...
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jun 15, 2022 Krappe, Alexander Haggerty
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"St. Patrick and the Snakes," by Alexander H. Krappe, from the journal Traditio, Vol. 5 (1947), pp. 323-330, in 9 searchable pdf pages. Wikipedia's entry on the 5th-century St. Patrick discusses the topic. See also the author's earlier work Irish Earth.
Topics: Folklore, Ireland, Irish, St. Patrick, Snakes, Soil, Earth, Magic, Magical, Supernatural, Legends,...
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jun 14, 2022 Krappe, Alexander Haggerty
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"Irish Earth," by Alexander H. Krappe, from the journal Folklore, Vol. 52, No. 3 (Sep., 1941), pp. 229-236, in 9 searchable pdf pages. It was noticed in antiquity that reptiles were "absent" from Ireland.  The author traces legends associated with the special status of the soil itself, which became a commodity in medieval Europe as a protection against snakes and snakebites.  Wikipedia has a group of entries on the topic of snakes and Ireland; and also entries about soil...
Topics: Folklore, Ireland, Irish, Soil, Earth, Magic, Magical, Legends, Myths, St. Patrick, Snakes,...
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jun 14, 2022 Krappe, Alexander Haggerty
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"The Legend of Amicus and Amelius," by A. H. Krappe, from the journal Modern Language Review, Vol. 18, No. 2 (Apr., 1923), pp. 152-161, in 11 searchable pdf pages. Attached to the document are links to additional resources. Wikipedia has an entry on the motif of the Divine Twins in Indo-European mythologies, and another on Saints' sagas, which has an Icelandic version of this tale. Internet Archive has other works by the author. On the topic, see also James Rendel Harris' study of the...
Topics: Folklore, Legends, Myths, Mythology, Mythological, Twins, Dioscuri, Friendship, Companions,...
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Jun 14, 2022 Multiple authors
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"Hospitality," from Encyclopaedia of Religion and Ethics, Volume 6 (New York, 1913), pp. 797-820, in 30 bookmarked and searchable pdf pages. Multiple authors on the cultures listed below.  Attached to the document are links to additional resources. Uploaded by Robert Bedrosian. Wikipedia has an entry on the history of hospitality, which is described as altruistic behavior toward guests, often strangers. Contents: Arabian (D. S. Margoliouth), p. 797. Babylonian.—See 'Semitic.'...
Topics: History, Historical, Hospitality, Altruism, Guests, Reciprocity, Customs, Practices, Behavior,...
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jun 14, 2022 Krappe, Alexander Haggerty
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"The Anatolian Lion God," by Alexander H. Krappe, from Journal of the American Oriental Society, Vol. 65, No. 3 (Jul. - Sep., 1945), pp. 144-154, in 12 searchable pdf pages. The author examines lion gods in Asia Minor, the Levant, and Egypt, in mythology and art. Lydia and Phrygia and their royal houses in Asia Minor were particularly identified with lion symbols, and with the deities Heracles/Hercules, Apollo/Sandan, and Cybele. Uploaded by Robert Bedrosian. Wikipedia has a group of...
Topics: Lion, Lions, Deities, Gods, Folklore, Laurel, Legends, Myths, Mythology, Mythological, Asia Minor,...
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Jun 13, 2022 Multiple authors
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"Pilgrimage," from Encyclopaedia of Religion and Ethics, Volume 10 (New York, 1908), pp. 10-28, in 25 bookmarked and searchable pdf pages. Attached to the document are links to additional resources. Multiple authors on the cultures listed below. Wikipedia has a main entry on pilgrimage and a group of related entries. On the topic, see also the compilation Pilgrimage in the Byzantine Empire: 7th–15th Centuries. Contents: Arabian and Muhammadan (T. W. Juynboll), p. 10. Babylonian (T....
Topics: Pilgrimage, Pilgrims, Holy Places, Customs, Practices, Religion, Religions, Religious, Rites,...
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Jun 13, 2022 Krappe, Alexander Haggerty
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"Custom and Ritual," by Alexander Haggerty Krappe, in 20 bookmarked and searchable pdf pages. The download contains Chapter 15 from Krappe's The Science of Folklore (New York, 1929), pp. 269-286. Attached to the document are links to additional resources. Uploaded by Robert Bedrosian. Internet Archive has other works by the author, and also a selection of works relating to folklore.
Topics: Folklore, Customs, Ritual, Rituals, Tales, Myths, Mythology, Society, Survivals, Superstitions,...
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jun 13, 2022 Cary J. Nederman; Jacqui True
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"The Third Sex: The Idea of the Hermaphrodite in Twelfth-Century Europe," by Cary J. Nederman and Jacqui True, from Journal of the History of Sexuality, Vol. 6, No. 4 (Apr., 1996), pp. 497-517, in 22 searchable pdf pages. Uploaded by Robert Bedrosian. Wikipedia has a main entry (Hermaphrodite), as well as a group of related entries of a scientific nature, about "an organism that has both kinds of reproductive organs and can produce both gametes associated with male and female...
Topics: History, Historical, Medieval, Europe, European, Gender, Sex, Customs, Practises, Beliefs,...
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jun 12, 2022 William Crooke
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"Bull-Baiting, Bull-Racing, Bull-Fights," by W. Crooke, from the journal Folklore, Vol. 28, No. 2 (Jun. 30, 1917), pp. 141-163, in 24 searchable pdf pages. Attached to the document are links to additional resources. Uploaded by Robert Bedrosian. Wikipedia has groups of entries about these topics historically in various human cultures, and also in religion and mythology. Internet Archive has other works by the author, who combined his scholarly interests in anthropology and folklore,...
Topics: Anthropology, Bulls, Bull Fighting, Bull Racing, India, Indian, Nigeria, Nigerian, Greece, Greek,...
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Jun 12, 2022 Multiple authors
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Pilgrimage in the Byzantine Empire: 7th–15th Centuries, in 208 bookmarked and searchable pdf pages, with plates. The download contains Chapters 4-13 from a symposium devoted to Byzantine monasticism and pilgrimage, Dumbarton Oaks Papers, No. 56, Alice-Mary Talbot, editor (Washington, D.C., 2002), pp. 56-289. Compiled by Robert Bedrosian. Wikipedia has a main entry on pilgrimage, and a group of related entries. On the topic, see also Speros Vryonis, Jr.'s article "Travelers as a Source...
Topics: History, Historical, Medieval, Pilgrims, Pilgrimage, Byzantium, Byzantine, Byzantine Empire, Asia...
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Jun 12, 2022 Krappe, Alexander Haggerty
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"Superstition," by Alexander Haggerty Krappe, in 28 bookmarked and searchable pdf pages. The download contains Chapter 11 from Krappe's The Science of Folklore (New York, 1929), pp. 203-228. Wikipedia has a main entry on superstition, and a group of related entries. Internet Archive has other works by the author, and also a selection of works on the topic.
Topics: Folklore, Tales, Myths, Mythology, Superstition, Superstitions, Religion, Science, Supernatural,...
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jun 12, 2022 Nicholas Adontz; Նիկողայոս Ադոնց
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"Tarkou chez les anciens arméniens," by Nicholas Adontz, from the journal Revue des études arméniennes 7(1927), pp. 185-194, in 11 pdf pages. In this article, delivered as a lecture at the 12th session of Société asiatique in Paris in November of 1926, Adontz suggests a link between the Hittite/Hurrian/Urartian deity Tarku/Teshub, the Armenian Tork'/T'orgom, and the Egyptian god Horus. Internet Archive has a selection of works by Adontz, including an English translation of this...
Topics: Mythology, Myths, Folklore, Armenia, Armenian, Hittite, Hurrian, Urartian, Urartu, Torgom, Gods,...
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Jun 11, 2022 D. G. Hogarth; Barton, George Aaron
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"Hierodouloi" [Temple Slaves], by D. G. Hogarth, and George A. Barton, from Encyclopaedia of Religion and Ethics , Volume 6 (New York, 1913), pp. 671-676, in 12 bookmarked and searchable pdf pages. Hogarth describes Graeco-Roman, and Barton describes Semitic and Egyptian customs. Wikipedia has an entry about sacred prostitution, which was practised by many cultures of the ancient world. Internet Archive has selections of works by both authors: D. G. Hogarth, and George A. Barton.
Topics: History, Historical, Temples, Estates, Hierodouloi, Ancient, Classical, Asia Minor, Mesopotamia,...
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Jun 11, 2022 James Rendel Harris
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Boanerges [Sons of Thunder], by J. Rendel Harris (Cambridge, 1913), in 456 bookmarked and searchable pdf pages. This work examines the Heavenly Twins in ancient mythologies, and then looks at myths and practices involving twins in the folklore of many modern cultures. The author was a Biblical scholar who made valuable contributions to several disciplines, including Armenian and Syriac studies. A Wikipedia entry (J. Rendel Harris) describes his life and achievements. Internet Archive has other...
Topics: Myths, Mythology, Mythological, Thunder, Twins, Dioscuri, Folklore, Zeus, Korybantes, Anthropology,...
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jun 11, 2022 Eric P. Uphill; Flinders Petrie
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"A Bibliography of Sir William Matthew Flinders Petrie (1853-1942)," by Eric P. Uphill, from Journal of Near Eastern Studies, Vol. 31, No. 4 (Oct., 1972), pp. 356- 379, in 25 searchable pdf pages. A Wikipedia entry (Flinders Petrie) describes the life and achievements of the renowned British Egyptologist and archaeologist. Internet Archive has a selection of works by or about him.
Topics: Bibliographies, Flinders Petrie, Egypt, Egyptology, Bibliography, History, Historical, Remote,...
" 'Abbasid Suzerainty in the Medieval Caucasus: Appropriation and Adaptation of Iconography and Ideology," by Lynn Jones, from the journal Gesta, Vol. 43, No. 2 (2004), pp. 143-150, in 9 searchable pdf pages, with plates. The article focuses on the 10th century. Attached to the document are links to additional resources. Wikipedia has a main entry on the Abbasid Caliphate (750–1258), and a group of related entries. Internet Archive has other works by the author; as well as a...
Topics: History, Historical, Medieval, Asia Minor, Bagratid, Bagratids, Armenia, Armenian, Georgia,...